TYPE 2 diabetes causes blood sugar levels in the body to rise and sometimes can reach dangerous levels. Xerosis is one of the side effects of having high blood sugar and is a warning sign that something is not right.
Type 2 diabetes is associated with high blood pressure, an excess of sugar and the inability to heal properly. A person experiencing a diabetes attack might experience symptoms such as being incoherent, becoming anxious, fatigue and weak, and could lead to shock.
Xerosis is a medical term which warns blood sugar levels are dangerously high. What is xerosis?
Xerosis means an abnormal dryness of the skin and is one of the most common skin conditions among patients with type 2 diabetes.
It comes from the Greek: “xero” means dry and “osis” means disease or medical disorder.
Xerosis is caused by a lack of moisture in the skin, which may be the result of ageing or due to an underlying disease such as diabetes.
The result is dry, or very dry, rough, and tight skin, which can progress to become extremely rough and scaly, flaky and itchy.
While assessing for predictors of foot lesions in patients with type 2 diabetes, health experts also found that 82.1 percent of patients with the condition had skin with dryness, cracks, and fissures.
Xerosis is a common condition experienced by millions of people, either chronically or acutely.
In a study with the US National Library of Medicine National Institutes of Health, skin disorders in diabetes mellitus was investigated.
The study noted: “Skin disorders, usually neglected and frequently underdiagnosed among diabetic patients, are common complications and encounter a broad spectrum of disorders in both type 1 and type 2 diabetes.
“Skin disorders are highly associated with increased risk of important outcomes, such as skin lesions, ulcerations and diabetic foot, which can lead to major complications and revolve around multifactorial factors besides hyperglycaemia and advanced glycation end products.
“Differences between patterns of lesions remain unclear among types of diabetes.
“A total of five studies evaluated skin disorders in both types 1 and 2 diabetes and showed higher prevalence of skin disorder in type 2 diabetes.
“Most frequent disorders presented in patients with type 2 DM were infections, xerosis, hair loss below the knees and diabetic dermopathy.”
“Skin conditions can be more likely amongst diabetics, and reduced sensitivity of nerves and circulation can often make it harder to spot emerging skin problems.
“The skin on our feet need particular attention as the presence of diabetic neuropathy can sometimes lead to skin issues not being identified until at an advanced stage, when they can cause serious problems.
“People with diabetes may experience greater loss of fluid from the body due to high blood glucose levels, which can cause dry skin on the legs, elbows, feet and other areas of the body.
“If the skin becomes cracked, germs can get into these areas and cause infection, meaning that taking care of the skin is essential.”
If you notice your skin become severely dry it’s important to speak with your GP about the possible cause.