TYPE 2 diabetes symptoms can be hard to spot, but experts warn getting up to go to the loo in the night could be an indicator of the condition.
Type 2 diabetes occurs when the body does not produce enough insulin or the insulin produced does not work properly and can be linked to lifestyle factors such as being overweight.
The condition can cause long-term complications – and increase the risk of heart disease, stroke and kidney damage.
However it can alter the way the body works in the short-term. People with diabetes of find they are going to the toilet a lot, and often later at night.
The term for urinating at night is called nocturia. Experts say needing to go to the toilet once a night is relatively normal, however, any more than this could indicate there are underlying health conditions. Urinating more often than usual can be triggered by excess glucose – or sugar -in the blood. This interferes with the kidney’s ability to concentrate urine.
More sugar will also appear in the urine and this will cause more volumes of urine to be produced.
High blood sugar levels – a hallmark of type 2 diabetes – can also trigger urinary tract infections – which can increase the need to urinate during the night.
Urinating at night could also be a sign of prostate diseases, or prostate cancer, or excessive fluid intake.
Experts also said it could be a symptom of Parkinson’s disease, a progressive neurological condition.
Excessive thirst – which is also called polydipsia are classic diabetes symptoms.
Tiredness, itching around the penis or vagina and slow wound healing are also symptoms of the disease.
What happens if you ignore the signs?
Diabetes UK said: “Type 2 diabetes can be easier to miss as it develops more slowly, especially in the early stages when it can be harder to spot the symptoms.
“But untreated diabetes affects many major organs, including your heart, blood vessels, nerves, eyes and kidneys.
“Being diagnosed early and controlling your blood sugar levels can help prevent these complications.”