DIABETES affects about four million people in the UK, which means that 1 in every 16 people will have a type of the condition. But what is the difference between Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes symptoms?
Diabetes is a lifelong battle, causing a spike in your blood sugar levels and a range of symptoms, from thirst to tiredness. The condition is worrying, but can be effectively managed if you catch it early. There are two main types of diabetes – but what is the difference between Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes symptoms?
What is Type 1 diabetes?
Type 1 diabetes is not caused by an unhealthy diet or poor lifestyle choices, but rather it is an autoimmune condition.
This means your immune system attacks itself instead of protecting your body from disease.
Your body attacks the cells in your pancreas responsible for making insulin, meaning you are unable to produce any of this essential hormone.
While you can live without insulin, it is responsible for glucose (sugar) in our blood entering our cells and fuelling our bodies.
You’re still able to break down carbohydrates and turn it into glucose but no insulin means the glucose can’t get into your cells, causing a buildup of glucose in your bloodstream.
If left for a long period of time, high glucose levels in your blood can cause complications with your heart, eyes, feet, and kidneys.
Only eight percent of adults who have diabetes have Type 1, so it’s much less common than Type 2.
What causes Type 1 diabetes?
Researchers still aren’t 100 percent sure what causes Type 1 diabetes, but it’s true that certain genes put people at a greater risk for developing the condition.
It is thought 90 percent of people who discover they have Type 1 diabetes have no relative with the condition.
So this suggests the condition isn’t necessarily hereditary.
What is the difference between Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes symptoms?
In both Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes, your body is lacking in insulin.
In Type 1, the body attacks its immune system meaning it can’t produce insulin and glucose then can’t get into its cells.
Type 2 tends to be associated with obesity and older people, and occurs when your body isn’t producing enough insulin or your cells don’t react to insulin.
Both cause glucose to remain trapped in the bloodstream, instead of being used for energy.
About 90 percent of people who have diabetes have Type 2.