DIABETES type 2 risk could be lowered by making diet or exercise changes. Patients could lower their chances of high blood sugar symptoms by following this diabetic meal plan for breakfast, lunch, and dinner – and it includes the best snacks to munch on throughout the day.
Diabetes type 2 is caused by the pancreas not producing enough of the hormone insulin, or the body not reacting to insulin.
Without enough insulin, the body struggles to convert sugar in the blood into useable energy.
Making some small dietary changes could help patients to avoid high blood sugar.
It’s crucial that any meal plan includes healthy carbohydrates, fibre-rich foods, healthy fats, and heart-healthy fish, according to the Mayo Clinic.
The best breakfast for a diabetes diet is a medium slice of whole-wheat toast and two teaspoons of jam, it said.
Alternatively, half a cup of shredded wheat cereal, a cup of skimmed milk, a piece of fruit, and a mug of coffee is also a great choice.
For lunch, choose a cheese and vegetable pitta, with two tablespoons of almond butter, and a medium-sized apple, added the Mayo Clinic.
If diabetics are feeling peckish in the mid-afternoon, the best snack is either two and a half cup of popcorn, or an orange with half a cup of low-fat cottage cheese.
Salmon is the best dinner meal, said the medical website.
With the salmon, added one and a half teaspoons of vegetable oil, a small baked potato, half a cup of carrots, and a side salad.
“Embracing your healthy-eating plan is the best way to keep your blood glucose level under control and prevent diabetes complications.
“And if you need to lose weight, you can tailor it to your specific goals.
“Aside from managing your diabetes, a diabetes diet offers other benefits, too.
“Because a diabetes diet recommends generous amounts of fruits, vegetables and fibre, following it is likely to reduce your risk of cardiovascular diseases and certain types of cancer.
“And consuming low-fat dairy products can reduce your risk of low bone mass in the future.”
Patients could also lower their blood sugar by exercising regularly, said the NHS.
It’s possible to exercise anywhere, as long as it gets you out of breath, it added.
That includes fast walking, gardening, or even climbing stairs.
All adults should aim for about 150 minutes of moderate-intensity activity every week.
About 3.7 million people in the UK have diabetes.