DIABETES type 2 symptoms can include unexplained weight loss, passing more urine than normal, and feeling very tired. But you could also be at risk of high blood sugar with these signs on your skin.
The condition is caused by the pancreas not producing enough of the hormone insulin, or the body not reacting to insulin.
Common diabetes signs include feeling constantly thirsty, feeling very tired and fatigued, and passing more urine than normal.
The skin condition necrobiosis lipoidica could be a warning sign of diabetes, according to the American Academy of Dermatology.
The condition starts as small, raised bumps on the skin, and they look a little like pimples.
“As it progresses, these bumps turn into patches of swollen and hard skin,” it said. “The patches can be yellow, reddish, or brown.”
The skin surrounding the patches may have a shiny, porcelain-like appearance, it added.
Some patients can even see the blood vessels around the patch, and it may make the affected area very itchy.
Dark skin patches
Finding dark areas of skin on the back of the neck or around the armpit could be caused by diabetes.
The condition is known as acanthosis nigricans, and may be one of the very first symptoms of diabetes.
“A dark patch [or band] of velvety skin on the back of your neck, armpit, groin, or elsewhere could mean that you have too much insulin in your blood,” said the American Academy of Dermatology.
Some diabetes patients find they develop dark spots, or lines, around their feet and on their shins.
The spots appear brown, and often go unnoticed because they don’t come with any other symptoms.
“Unlike age spots, these spots and lines usually start to fade after 18 to 24 months,” it said.
You should speak to a doctor if you find dark brown spots on your shins, said the academy
An outbreak of small, reddish/yellow bumps on the skin may be caused by diabetes.
They look like regular spots when they first develop, but can go on to become a yellowish colour.
They’re most likely found on the back of the thighs, crooks of the elbow, or on the buttocks.
Some patients report that the spots can be itchy, and quite tender.
DIABETES type 2 symptoms include unexplained weight loss, fatigue and having an unquenchable thirst. But, you could lower your risk of high blood sugar complications by doing more of this exercise.
Diabetes type 2 is caused by the pancreas not producing enough of the hormone insulin, according to the NHS.
Not having enough insulin makes it harder for the body to convert sugar int he blood to useable energy.
Diabetes symptoms can include passing more urine than normal, feeling hungry even after eating, and extreme tiredness.
But, you could prevent complications of diabetes by doing more swimming, it’s been claimed.
Swimming is a great way for diabetes patients to improve cardiovascular fitness, according to Diabetes.co.uk.
The exercise puts less pressure on feet joints than some other sports, which is important because patients are at risk of foot-related complications.
“Swimming is a great way of improving cardiovascular fitness, with constant moving allowing for blood and oxygen to be pumped more efficiently,” said Diabetes.co.uk.
“Unlike sports such as football, rugby and golf, swimming does not strain your joints by having you expend energy and then rest.
“It also uses upper and lower body muscles at the same time, which could benefit people with diabetic neuropathy, who suffer from numbness.
“Intensity will vary, depending on your motivation for swimming, but per hour it can burn 350-420 calories and caution should be taken for beginners as hypoglycemic attacks can occur without proper preparation.”
Diabetics considering taking up swimming could exercise one or twice a week without excessive blood sugar management, it said.
If you have low blood sugar, try taking glucose tablets to give you a sugar boost, and then consume more sugar immediately after swimming, as well as a big meal later on.
Eating a healthy, balanced diet could help to reduce some symptoms of diabetes, the NHS said.
It’s important to take regular blood sugar tests to make sure your blood glucose levels are balanced.
Without proper management, diabetes can lead to some life-threatening complications, including kidney failure and cardiovascular disease.
The condition can also reduce the blood supply to your feet, which reduces the amount of feeling in your lower extremities.
Sensible people take no notice of expert advice about what they should or should not eat, secure in the knowledge that the latest fad will eventually be shown to be false. There is, however, one group for whom that advice, first promulgated exactly 35 years ago, has proved disastrous. Maturity onset (or Type 2) diabetes is, as all know, a condition of carbohydrate intolerance where either the pancreas produces insufficient insulin for the body’s needs, or the tissues are resistant to its action. Either way, the body’s metabolism can no longer utilise the sugars in carbohydrate-based foods, the levels of glucose in the blood rise and the unused energy laid down as fat.
Thus, historically, those with Type 2 were advised to restrict the amount of bread, pasta, potatoes etc consumed in favour of meat and dairy products. This dietary regime combined with weight loss was often sufficient to restore their blood sugar levels to normal. Then, back in 1982, an alliance of influential nutritionists and epidemiologists reversed this logical advice on the grounds that meat and dairy products contain wicked saturated fats that push up the cholesterol, causing tens of thousands of premature deaths from a heart attack.
Those with Type 2 are particularly prone to heart disease and so it was decreed that they too should abjure meat and dairy products, eat lots of “healthy” fruit and carbohydrates instead and take pills to control their blood sugar. Consequently, since then the prevalence of Type 2 has increased threefold – many of whom being overweight have considerable difficulty in controlling their condition – and the cost of treating diabetes has soared. A catastrophe indeed.
Since the exoneration of saturated fat from causing heart disease, wiser counsels are beginning to prevail. While it is understandable that those responsible are reluctant to admit they might have been wrong, the pressure group Diabetes UK that initiated those dietary changes three decades ago has recently and, without fanfare, changed the advice on its website from commending “5-to-14 portions of starchy foods a day” to “you may need to reduce your carb intake”.
Source: The Telegraph