What is the difference between type 1 and type 2 diabetes?
Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease whereby a person’s immune system targets and kills off insulin-producing beta cells.
Type 2 diabetesis, in short, a condition based on insulin resistance. While the aforementioned beta cells are still alive, they don’t work as well as they should and tend to make less and less insulin as time goes on.
Can type 2 diabetes develop into type 1?
Though many people believe type 2 diabetics can ‘become’ type 1 diabetics, this is not true. They are different diseases. At the same time, type 2s can become insulin-dependent and regulate their blood sugar levels through daily blood monitoring and injections, as all type 1 diabetics have to do.
If left untreated, type 2 diabetes can increase the risk of cardiovascular conditions and cause blindness, kidney failure, and limb amputations.
Symptoms of type 2 diabetes
It is very common for symptoms of type 2 diabetes to appear gradually, which means that, without the help of medical tests for unrelated issues, it is rarely diagnosed at an early stage.
Symptoms also vary from type 1 diabetes, which tends to cause extreme fatigue and dehydration when undiagnosed.
For type 2 diabetics, common symptoms include feeling tired after meals, feeling hungry shortly after eating (polyphagia), urinating more often than normal, itchy skin (particularly around the genitals and especially if you have regular yeast infections), blurred vision, slow healing of cuts, and new skin disorders such as psoriasis or acanthosis nigricans (dark, discoloured skin folds).
Causes of type 2 diabetes
Unlike type 1 diabetes, there are many known causes and risk factors associated with type 2 diabetes. Often, a number of contributing factors lead to diagnosis.
Risk factors include having high blood sugar, cholesterol, excess weight, type 2 in the bloodline, and a prior case of gestational diabetes (which typically disappears post-pregnancy).
The most prominent and medically-acknowledged cause of type 2 diabetes is a poor diet (which, coincidentally, leads to many of the risks outlined above).
Source – Telegraph